The Sudan People’s Armed Forces is a 394,250 member army supported by 95,000 reserve troops. The Sudanese army also has air borne systems, including Mi-24 helicopter gun ships, F-7 fighters and fourth generation fighters such as the MiG-29, Antonov medium and long transport aircraft, mobile artillery pieces, and light assault weapons. Sudan now receives most of its military equipment from the People’s Republic of China and Russia.
Sudan has a weapons industry called the Military Industry Corporation, which is self-sufficient in the production of ammunition, machine guns, mortars, artillery, rockets, armored vehicles, UAV’s and tanks. This has become the most advanced military production industry in Africa and the Middle East.
Sudan’s ground forces currently operate:
Main Battle Tanks
- Type 96
- Type 85
- Type 80
- Type 59
- Type 79
- Type 69
- Type 62 – 70
- Type 63 – 60
- Type 59
- Type 59D
- M60A3 Patton-2 – 20
- T-34/85 – 20 (Ex-Egyptian, currently being phased out)
- Digna (T-55) (currently being phased out)
- Al Bashier (licensed version of Type 99)
- Al Zubair (licensed version of T-72Z)
- Al Zubair 2 (licensed version of Type 59)
- Shareef 1 (licensed version of BTR-80)
- Shareef 2 (licensed version of WZ-551)
- Khatim 1 (licensed version of Boragh)
- Amir (licensed version of Rakhsh)
- /OT-64C – 65
- BMP-2 – 15
- BRDM-2 – 100 (Ex-Egyptian)
- Walid – 104
- Fahd-280 – 25
- BM-21 Grad – 22
- Abu Fatma SPG (2S1 Gvozdika)
- Taka (licensed version of Type 63 MRL)
- Njoumi (BS-3)
- Khalifa (D-30)
- Mahdi (M-30)
Surface to Air Missiles (SAM)
- KS-19 100mm – 10
 Infantry equipment
- Type 81
- Type 56
- Maz (licensed version of Type 56)
- Heckler & Koch G3 (licensed version of Iranian G3A4)
- Terab (licensed version of Norinco CQ)
- Tihraga (licensed version of Iranian MP5)
- Karar (licensed version of Iranian MG3)
- Khawad (licensed version of Type 85 HMG)
- Mokhtar (licensed version of Type 80 HMG)
- Sinar (licensed version of RPG-7)
- Hongjian HJ-8
- Swingfire – 250 (Ex-Egyptian)
- Soba (licensed version of Iranian SPG-9)
- Aboud 82mm (licensed version of Type 53)
- Nimir 60mm
- Ahmd 120mm
Military manpower – military age: 18 years of age
Military manpower – availability:
males age 15-49: 8,739,982 (2002 est.)
Military manpower – fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 5,380,917 (2002 est.)
Military manpower – reaching military age annually:
males: 398,294 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures – dollar figure: $3 Billion (2001 est.)
Military expenditures – percent of GDP: 3.0% (2005 est.)
Sudanese Air Force
The Sudanese Air Force (Arabic: Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya) is the air force operated by the Republic of the Sudan. As such it is part of the Sudanese Armed Forces.
* 1 History
* 2 Inventory
* 3 Safat Aviation Complex
* 4 References
The Sudanese Air Force was founded immediately after the Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. The British assisted in the Air Force’s establishment, providing equipment and training. Four new Hunting Provost T Mk 53s were delivered for jet training in 1957. The following year, the Sudanese Air Force’s transport wing acquired its first aircraft, a single Hunting President. In 1960 the Sudanese Air Force received an additional four re-furbished RAF Provosts and two more Hunting Presidents. Also in 1960, the transport wing’s capability was increased by the addition of two Pembroke C Mk 54s.
In the 1960s Soviet and Chinese started supplying the Sudanese Air Force with aircraft. The Air Force also gained its first combat aircraft when 12 Jet Provosts with a close air support capability were delivered in 1962.
The air force flies a mixture of transport planes, fighter jets and helicopters sourced from nations including the European Union, Russia, and the United States. However, not all the aircraft are in a fully functioning condition and the availability of spare parts is limited. In 1991, the two main air bases were at the capital Khartoum and Wadi Sayyidna near Omdurman.
Sudan has also made a successful deal to buy two different batches of 12 MiG-29 Russian fighter jets each. There are 23 MiG-29s in active service as of late 2008.
Sudan is currently planning to modernize its fleet and is planning to induct 10-20 JF-17 Thunder multirole jet fighters from China, for which it is negotiating with the Pakistani Air Force.
 Safat Aviation Complex
Safat aviation complex is the aircraft maintenance and construction unit of Sudan’s Military Industry cooperation it has recently Succeded in producing its first localy made aircraft the Safat 01 and is working on completing its first Helicopter the Safat 02,serial production of the Safat 01 Aircraft was launched on the 5th of july 2009, where the first home-manufactured aircraft has been unveiled.
The Sudanese Air Forces inventory currently consists of over 200 aircraft
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Chengdu F-7 Airguard People’s Republic of China Fighter F-7M 22 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Hongdu JL-8 or K-8 People’s Republic of China/ Pakistan Trainer/light attack 12 Active
Nanchang A-5 People’s Republic of China Ground attack A-5 15-20 Delivered to Sudan by China 2003, although allegedly financed by Iran. Sighted in the South Dafur region based at Nyala Airport.
Shaanxi Y-8 People’s Republic of China Transport / multipurpose 2
Antonov An-24 Soviet Union / Ukraine Transport An-24RV 5
Antonov An-26 Soviet Union Transport An-26 1 May be in use as an improvised bomber.
CASA C.212 Aviocar Spain Transport CASA C.212-200 Aviocar 2
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo Canada Transport DHC-5D 3
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter Canada Surveillance DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 1
Ilyushin IL-62M Soviet Union Transport Ilyushin IL-62M 1 VIP flights only
Fokker F.27 Friendship Netherlands Transport F.27 Mk 100 1 VIP flights only
Dassault Falcon 20 France Transport Dassault Falcon 20F 1 VIP flights only
Dassault Falcon 50 France Transport Dassault Falcon 50 1 VIP flights only
Mikoyan MiG-29 Russia Fighter MiG-29 23 Active
Lockheed C-130 Hercules United States Transport C-130H 9 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
IAR 330 Puma Romania Transport/search and rescue ICA IAR-330L PUMA 24 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Shenyang F-5 People’s Republic of China Fighter F-5/FT-5 19 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Agusta-Bell AB212 Twin Huey United States Transport AB212 10 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
MBB Bo 105 Germany Transport/ attack/search and rescue Bo 105CB 20 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Mil Mi-8 Soviet Union Transport Mi-8T 6 (plus unknown number of Mil Mi-171 variants. 3 Confirmed) Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Mil Mi-24 Soviet Union Helicopter gunship Mi-24V/Mi-24P 24-30 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed. 8 Mil Mi-24 Helicopters rumoured to be in Dafur region operating from Nyala Airport.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 Soviet Union Fighter MiG-23BN 3 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Sukhoi Su-25 Russia Air Support at least 12 Active
Safat 01 Sudan Trainer atleast 3, Sudan Aims to produce 50 of the Safat aircraft with in the coming 5 years.
F-5E/F Tiger II United States Fighter Jet F-5E and F-5F at least 12 Active. 10 F-5Es and two F-5F were bought in 1978, One of the F-5Fs was sold to Jordan. further two F-5s defected to Sudan from Ethiopia during the Ogaden crisis.
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